Wednesday , June 20 2018

Frame Relay interface on Huawei router

Let’s assume that we have a Frame Relay topology like in the picture below. We want to have full IP connectivity between our ‘labnario’ routers. To demonstrate, how to configure different types of Frame Relay interface, I will use:

  • physical serial interface on labnario1 router
  • logical point-to-point interface on labnario2 router
  • logical point-to-multipoint interface on labnario3 router.

Let’s start with labnario1 configuration.

<labnario1>system-view 
[labnario1]interface Serial0/0/0
[labnario1-Serial0/0/0] link-protocol fr
[labnario1-Serial0/0/0] fr map ip 123.100.1.2 102 broadcast
[labnario1-Serial0/0/0] fr map ip 123.100.1.3 103 broadcast
[labnario1-Serial0/0/0] ip address 123.100.1.1 255.255.255.0

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from Huawei CLI – capture-packet …

Network administrators often need to capture packets, on switches or routers, to locate faults. Some devices do not support remote mirroring, that’s why administrators have to go on-site to capture packets, using local mirroring.

We have a useful command (capture-packet …), on some devices, to catch packets remotely. When taking S5700 switch into consideration, we can capture all packets from an interface (port mirroring) or packets matching specified rules (traffic mirroring). These capture packets can be sent to FTP or TFTP servers and displayed on terminal screen. CX600 and NE40E routers with V6R3 software version can send capture packets to local CF card (name.cap file).

Let’s look at this command:

[Huawei]capture-packet ?
  acl        Acl
  cpu        Packet send to cpu
  interface  Ingress Interface

As you can see you can use port or traffic mirroring. You can also catch packets sent to CPU.

[Huawei]capture-packet interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1 destination ?
  ftp-server   Send to ftp server
  terminal     Output terminal
  tftp-server  Send to tftp server

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how to configure trunk between Huawei router and switch

What we want to do is to configure 802.1q trunk between labnario1 router and labnarioSW1 switch, so that hosts from VLAN 100 will be able to ping the router’s interface.

Let’s look at the simple topology:

First we want to configure labnario1 router. To configure Ge0/0/1 interface to operate as a 802.1q trunk, we need to configure it as follows:

<labnario1>system-view
[labnario1]
[labnario1]interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1
[labnario1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]portswitch
[labnario1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]port link-type trunk

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link aggregation (IEEE802.3ad) on Huawei S5700

Link aggregation, in other words trunking, is a technique that helps to increase bandwidth by bundling multiple physical interfaces into a logical one, named Eth-trunk. Besides bandwidth increase, trunking lets us to implement load-balancing and ensure higher reliability.

Few restrictions must be taken into consideration when creating Eth-trunk interface:

  • parameters of physical interfaces (number, transmission rate, duplex mode and traffic-control mode) on both ends of the trunk link must be consistent.
  • data sequence must be unchanged (frames belonging to the same data flow are transmitted over the same physical link).

Eth-Trunk interfaces configured on S5700 switch support the following features:

  • Layer 2 forwarding and Layer 3 forwarding (unicast and multicast).
  • Hash algorithm-based load balancing.
  • QoS on the trunk interface.

There are 2 methods of link aggregation:

  • manual load balancing mode

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Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) on Huawei S3300

The Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) is an layer 2 discovery protocol defined in the IEEE 802.1ab. How does it work? The LLDP protocol collects information about local interfaces, sends this information to neighbours, and receives information from the neighbours as well. In short, when the LLDP protocol runs on devices, the NMS can obtain the Layer 2 information about all the devices it connects and the detailed network topology. It does it by searching the layer 2 information in Management Information Base (MIB). NMS uses LLDP management address to identify the device. Trap message is triggered in case when local management address is changed, LLDP is enabled or disabled globally and there are changes on neighbouring devices.

Lets try to configure LLDP based on the following topology:

First of all configure SNMP trap for LLDP:

[Switch]snmp-agent trap enable feature-name lldptrap

[Quidway]dis snmp-agent tr feature-name lldptrap all
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Feature name: LLDPTRAP                      
Trap number : 4         
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Trap name                       Default switch status   Current switch status 
lldpRemTablesChange             on                      on                  
hwLldpEnabled                   on                      on                  
hwLldpDisabled                  on                      on                  
hwLldpLocManIPAddrChange        on                      on

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