Monday , September 28 2020
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fun with wildcard mask on Huawei device

You, as the network administrator, were tasked with providing access to a network, where 4 machines have been connected.

It is simple task. Nothing can happen, but…

Everything is ready and you are checking connectivity between RT2 and those machines, and… To your suprise, you can only ping even-numbered IP addresses:

[RT2]ping 192.168.10.1
   PING 192.168.10.1: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
     Request time out
     Request time out
     Request time out
     Request time out
     Request time out

 [RT2]ping 192.168.10.2
   PING 192.168.10.2: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
     Reply from 192.168.10.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=127 time=30 ms
     Reply from 192.168.10.2: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=127 time=20 ms
     Reply from 192.168.10.2: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=127 time=30 ms
     Reply from 192.168.10.2: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=127 time=40 ms
     Reply from 192.168.10.2: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=127 time=30 ms

 [RT2]ping 192.168.10.3
   PING 192.168.10.3: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
     Request time out
     Request time out
     Request time out
     Request time out
     Request time out

 [RT2]ping 192.168.10.4
   PING 192.168.10.4: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
     Reply from 192.168.10.4: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=127 time=30 ms
     Reply from 192.168.10.4: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=127 time=40 ms
     Reply from 192.168.10.4: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=127 time=30 ms
     Reply from 192.168.10.4: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=127 time=30 ms
     Reply from 192.168.10.4: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=127 time=30 ms

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memory usage alarm threshold

 Huawei AR routers have easy and effective memory usage monitoring tool. When memory usage exceeds configured threshold, the system logs the event and generates an alarm. When memory usage falls within the alarm threshold, the system generates a clear alarm.

By default memory usage threshold is set to 90% when the memory capacity on the interface board is lower than or equal to 128MB, and 95% when the memory capacity is higher that 128MB. Memory usage threshold can be easly changed using command:

[labnario]set memory-usage threshold 75

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from Huawei CLI – rollback configuration

Well known feature from JunOS, now implemented by Huawei in Cloud Engines switches like CE12800, CE7800, CE6800 and CE5800. This feature will be implemented in NE routers as well, starting from V8R6 software version.

 

We have opportunity to choose wheter changes can be saved automatically or must wait for administrator’s confirmation:

system-view

In this case, the configuration takes effect after you run the commit command (two-phase validation mode).

system-view immediately

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CPU usage alarm threshold

Huawei AR routers have easy and effective CPU usage monitoring tool. They generate alarm, when CPU usage reaches 80%. When CPU usage falls to 75%, recovery usage alarm is generated again (clear alarm). This is a default behaviour, but these values can be easily changed in order to help optimize system performance and ensure system stability.

Let’s configure CPU usage alarm threshold as 85% and recovery usage alarm threshold as 80%. The following command can be used for that:

<labnario>system-view [labnario]set cpu-usage threshold 85 restore 80 Info: Succeeding in setting task cpu usage threshold 85 restore 80.

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source interfaces for management communication

As you know, configuring management services on Huawei devices, you can add source interface or IP address for transmitting packets. This is an optional configuration. Below you can find configuration syntax for source interfaces in management communication. If you find out that anything else should be added to this list, just let me know.

Info-center source:
[labnario]info-center loghost source ?
  Aux              AUX interface
  Eth-Trunk        Ethernet Trunk interface
  GigabitEthernet  GigabitEthernet interface
  LoopBack         LoopBack interface
  NULL             NULL interface
  Pos              POS interface
Radius server source:
[labnario-radius-test]radius-server source interface ?
  Eth-Trunk        Ethernet Trunk interface
  GigabitEthernet  GigabitEthernet interface
  LoopBack         LoopBack interface
  Pos              POS interface

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