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Tag Archives: STP

protecting STP on Huawei switches

As a continuation of the STP Root Protection feature I want to describe additional STP protection functions and show you, where these functions should be implemented, in a typical campus LAN environment.

BPDU Protection feature can be used to protect switches against STP BPDU attacks. It should be implemented on every switch, which has ports directly connected to end-user workstations. This is because we do not expect receiving STP BPDU from user workstations. When STP BPDUs are received on the edge port, STP topology recalculation occurs, causing network flapping. If the port is configured with BPDU Protection and the switching device receives STP BPDUs, then the port is placed into shutdown state, protecting STP topology from recalculation. By default BPDU Protection feature is disabled on Huawei switches. To enable it:

<labnario_sw>system-view 
[labnario_sw]interface Ethernet 0/0/1
[labnario_sw-Ethernet0/0/1]stp edged-port enable 
[labnario_sw-Ethernet0/0/1]quit
[labnario_sw]stp bpdu-protection

When a switch port is configured as a STP Edged and STP BPDU is received, the port is placed into shutdown state:

May 13 2013 20:17:00-08:00 labnario_sw%%01MSTP/4/BPDU_PROTECTION(l)[4]:This edged-port Ethernet0/0/1 that enabled BPDU-Protection will be shutdown, because it received BPDU packet!
[labnario_sw-Ethernet0/0/1]dis cur int e0/0/1
#
interface Ethernet0/0/1
 shutdown
 stp edged-port enable

[labnario_sw-Ethernet0/0/1]dis int eth0/0/1
Ethernet0/0/1 current state : Administratively DOWN
Line protocol current state : DOWN

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Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol on Huawei switch

The Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) was originally defined as the IEEE 802.1s standard protocol. Now the standard IEEE 802.1Q-2005 includes MSTP. The basic role of this protocol is to prevent L2 loops. I do not want to explain MSTP in details, as this can be easily found on the Internet. I just want to show you:

  • how to configure this protocol using Huawei CLI
  • how to load balance traffic over redundant links.

Let’s assume that we have the following physical topology:

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