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Tag Archives: Huawei switch

VLAN, trunk, VLANIF (SVI) on Huawei switch

Today I want to show you:

  • How to configure VLANs
  • How to add interface to a VLAN
  • How to establish 802.1q trunk between two Ethernet switches and filter VLANs
  • How to configure VLANIF (VLAN interface or simply SVI).

Look at the following topology:

Let’s assume that we want to configure two switches, which are connected via Ethernet link. Both switches have PCs connected to them. We want to allow PC101 to be able to reach PC102 and PC201 to be able to reach PC202.To do so, we need to add two different VLANs, configure Ethernet Trunk between switches and add PCs to the correct VLAN.

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basic NTP configuration on Huawei devices

Network Time Protocol (NTP) is one of the oldest Internet protocols. It is used for clock synchronization between computer systems over packet-switched data networks.  Because it was designed to operate in variable-latency environment, NTP can achieve up to 1 millisecond accuracy in local area networks and tens of milliseconds when running over the Internet. NTP can be a very useful tool especially, when we want to correlate issues during network failures.

It is important to remember that NTP uses hierarchical system of levels of clock sources, which is called a stratum.

At the top of this hierarchy we have a stratum-0 devices, which act as a reference clocks. These are usually atomic clocks which has little or no delay associated with it. The reference clock typically synchronizes to the correct time (UTC) using GPS, Irig-B, etc.

Devices which are directly connected (usually via RS-232, not over a network path) to the stratum-0 servers are called stratum-1 servers. Stratum-2 server is connected to the stratum-1 server over a network path. Thus, a stratum-2 server gets its time via NTP protocol from a stratum-1 server. A stratum-3 server gets its time via NTP from stratum-2 server, and so on.

So the stratum level simply defines its distance from the reference clock.

How to configure NTP on Huawei devices?

Look at the lab topology:

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SNMPv2c configuration on Huawei devices

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is widely used for IP networks’ devices management and monitoring. Not only routers and switches can be managed using SNMP. It can be used with servers, modems, printers, etc. It is application layer protocol and is defined as IETF standard.

How SNMP works?

It operates based on the following components:

  • Network Management Station (NMS), sends SNMP requests to query managed devices and receives alarms send by these devices. NMS uses the MIB to identify and manage device objects.
  • Agent – process running on the managed device which is responsible for sending alarms to the NMS and processing requests received from NMS.
  • Managed device – a networking device on which the Agent process is running.

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screen length of terminal

24 – the default number of lines on one screen

<NE40E> display current-configuration
#
 sysname NE40E
#
 super password level 1 simple huawei1
 super password level 3 simple huawei
 super password level 15 simple labnario
#
 FTP server enable
 FTP acl 2000
#
 info-center source BFD channel 1 log level informational
 info-center loghost source GigabitEthernet0/0/0
 info-center loghost 172.16.20.90 facility local4
#
 vlan batch 31 to 32 98 100
#
 hotkey CTRL_U "display ip interface brief"
#
 undo cluster enable
#
snmp-agent trap type base-trap
#
 load-balance ip-enhance all
  ---- More ----

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from Huawei CLI – reset saved-configuration

reset saved-configuration

If you need to reconfigure a Huawei device and do not want to delete its configuration line by line, it is the fastest way to restore the device to the default configuration. Reset saved-configuration command does not delete the existing configuration file in storage device. It is required to restart the device to activate changes. Before reboot, the device compares the configuration file to be loaded at the next startup and existing file to be deleted. Finally the device:

  • loads the default configuration if both files are the same
  • deletes the configuration file in use if they are different
  • displays a message indicating that the configuration file does not exist if the configuration file to be deleted does not exist
<labnario> reset saved-configuration
The action will delete the saved configuration in the device.
The configuration will be erased to reconfigure. Continue? [Y/N]: y

Which configuration file is set as the “next startup saved-configuration file” you can check by the following command:

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