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Tag Archives: Huawei NE40E

from Huawei CLI – rollback configuration

Well known feature from JunOS, now implemented by Huawei in Cloud Engines switches like CE12800, CE7800, CE6800 and CE5800. This feature will be implemented in NE routers as well, starting from V8R6 software version.

We have opportunity to choose wheter changes can be saved automatically or must wait for administrator’s confirmation:

system-view

In this case, the configuration takes effect after you run the commit command (two-phase validation mode).

system-view immediately

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from Huawei CLI – capture-packet …

Network administrators often need to capture packets, on switches or routers, to locate faults. Some devices do not support remote mirroring, that’s why administrators have to go on-site to capture packets, using local mirroring.

We have a useful command (capture-packet …), on some devices, to catch packets remotely. When taking S5700 switch into consideration, we can capture all packets from an interface (port mirroring) or packets matching specified rules (traffic mirroring). These capture packets can be sent to FTP or TFTP servers and displayed on terminal screen. CX600 and NE40E routers with V6R3 software version can send capture packets to local CF card (name.cap file).

Let’s look at this command:

[Huawei]capture-packet ?
  acl        Acl
  cpu        Packet send to cpu
  interface  Ingress Interface

As you can see you can use port or traffic mirroring. You can also catch packets sent to CPU.

[Huawei]capture-packet interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/1 destination ?
  ftp-server   Send to ftp server
  terminal     Output terminal
  tftp-server  Send to tftp server

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how to delete a telnet user

Sometimes we can meet such situation on a router or a switch:

 [labnario]display users
  User-Intf    Delay    Type   Network Address     AuthenStatus    AuthorcmdFlag
+ 34  VTY 0   00:00:00  TEL    172.29.12.226             pass           no      Username : huawei
  35  VTY 1   00:08:01  TEL    172.29.12.226             pass           no      Username : labnario
  36  VTY 2   00:07:38  TEL    172.29.12.226             pass           no      Username : killer
  37  VTY 3   00:07:00  TEL    172.29.12.226             pass           no      Username : killer
  38  VTY 4   00:01:34  TEL    172.29.12.226             pass           no      Username : labnario

By default, on Huawei device, there are 5 vty lines available. If all these lines are occupied by users, no other user is able to access the device. Such situation can appear in 2 cases:

  1. The device is fully occupied by telnet users.
  2. All telnet sessions are hang.

The first case is normal and it can often happen. Sessions will be deleted when users log out from the device or their sessions’ idle-timeout expires. By default idle-timeout is set to 10 minutes.

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OSPF troubleshooting – neighbour relationship

Huawei NE40E OSPF basic configuration:
#ospf 1 router-id 1.1.1.1
 area 0.0.0.0
  authentication-mode simple plain labnario
  network 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.3
  network 1.1.1.1 0.0.0.0
#
How to display OSPF neighbour:
[NE40E-1]display ospf peer

         OSPF Process 1 with Router ID 1.1.1.1
                 Neighbors

 Area 0.0.0.0 interface 10.0.0.1(GigabitEthernet3/0/0)'s neighbors
 Router ID: 2.2.2.2          Address: 10.0.0.2
   State: Full  Mode:Nbr is  Master  Priority: 1
   DR: 10.0.0.2  BDR: 10.0.0.1  MTU: 0
   Dead timer due in 34  sec
   Retrans timer interval: 5
   Neighbor is up for 00:33:07
   Authentication Sequence: [ 0 ]

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file system of Huawei NE40E

How to manage storage devices, directories and files on Huawei’s equipment?

I will try to introduce the file system based on NE40E routers.

NE40E, as most of carrier class Huawei’s devices, has two MPU boards. Each board is equipped with two CFcards. The first CFcard, inside the board, is used for storing software and configuration’s files. The second one, at the front panel of the board, stores log files. Some of Huawei’s devices use flash memory to store all necessary files.

The file system manages files and directories in the storage device by creating, deleting, modifying, renaming files or directories and displaying contents of the files.

Let’s do an example:

  1. Create labnario and huawei directories in CFcard.
  2. Copy log.log file from CFcard2 to labnario directory.
  3. Display this file.
  4. Rename this file with old_log.log.
  5. Compress it.
  6. Move old_log.log.zip file to huawei directory of the same CFcard.
  7. Delete this file from huawei directory.
  8. Restore the deleted file.
  9. Delete this file permanently.
  10. Delete huawei directory.

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